12 English grammar tense chart, rules, and Examples in sentences

Tense chart in English with Rules and Examples

[ Table of Content ]

What is tense?

Tense is a part of English grammar related to the time. It describes the different activities at a different point of time and period with verbs in grammatical terms and forms.  Tense indicates and tells about the current, past, and future time. There are three major tenses and each tense has four aspects. 


English tense chart
Tense chart

Present tense

Present tense definition and examples:

The present tense is a part of the English grammar tense which indicates the current time. It describes the current works, daily and habitual works, what’s happening now, what’s just done, or what’s have been happening in the present time. Here are some present tense examples with the sentence for easy understating about the present tense.

present tense examples sentences

1.       James sells the clothes.

2.       Tony drinks coffee every morning.

3.       Justin goes walking every day.

4.       Harry has finished his work.

5.       Chris Brown has been writing a song.

6.       Tom is working in the field.

7.       Roman is reading a book.

8.       Rita is dancing.

9.       Jessica has completed her fashion designing course.

10.   He has been working on his new project.

There are four types of the present tense with their different formula structure and rules for different work of present time.

Simple present tense

We use this tense to express general and universal truths, habitual actions, daily routines, adverbs, and quotes … etc. See the structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of simple present formula:

Note:  [Sub=Subject | Obj=Object | V=Verb]

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+v1/v5+obj
Sub+do/does+not+v1+obj
Do/does+Sub+v1+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

He goes to school.
He does not go to school.
Does he go to school?
Sam is a teacher.
Sam is not a teacher.
Is Sam a teacher?
I am a pilot.
I am not a pilot.
Am I a pilot?

Simple present tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         To express habit, regular actions, and professions:
Eg. à
a)      He sells fruit.
b)      He gets up early in the morning.
c)       He drinks three cups of coffee every day.
d)      He never smokes.
e)      He always goes to school.

·         With general, and universal truth:
Eg. à
a)      Blood is red.
b)      Water boils.
c)       The earth moves around the sun.
d)      The Sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
e)      Water is colorless, odorless, and tasteless.

·         To express English proverbs and quotes:
Eg. à
a)      Honesty is the best policy.
b)      Kety says, “a thing of beauty is a joy forever.’
c)       Two wrongs don’t make a right.
d)      Fortune favors the bold.
e)      Actions speak louder than words.

·         In daily routine:
Eg. à
a)      He gets up at 5 and goes to college at 10.
b)      Our office opens at 10:00 am.
c)       Our college closes at 5:00 pm.
d)      The match starts at 10 0’ clock.
e)      He goes to bed at 11:00 pm.

·         With present time adverbs:
Once a (day, week, year)
Nowadays, on Saturdays,
Every (day, week, month, year)
Eg. à
a)      He goes to the cinema hall once a year.
b)      They go walking in the morning every day.
c)       She goes to the market every week.
d)      He does yoga nowadays.
e)      They play table tennis on Saturdays.

·         With adverbs of frequencies:
Always, never, often, seldom, usually, occasionally, generally… etc
Eg. à
a)      He always goes to school.
b)      He never smokes.
c)       She often goes to the market.
d)      He seldom goes to the market.
e)      We meet up occasionally for a drink.


·         With if-clause:
Eg. à
a)      If you heat water, it changes into steam.
b)      If you heat water, it boils.
c)       If it rains, the ground gets wet.
d)      If you are tired, you go to bed early.
e)      If you mix yellow and blue, you get green.

·         … used to … but Now/nowadays/ these day+simple present :
Eg. à
a)      James used to smoke a lot but nowadays he doesn’t.
b)      I used to hate reading but nowadays I love reading.
c)       She used to be shy but now she is the life of the party.
d)      He used to run very fast but nowadays he doesn’t run that fast.
e)      I used to hate school but now I love school.

·         Whenever/every time+simple present:
Eg. à
a)      Whenever he needs a pen, he comes to me.
b)      Whenever he goes to traveling, he carries a camera.
c)       Whenever they play football, they win.
d)      Whenever he wants to go out, he comes to me.
e)      Whenever she goes out, everyone praises of her beauty.

Bonus tips:
The following verbs are not usually found in continuous tense form: we can use it in the simple present tense.

Like, Have (to possess, own), Be (expect in passive), see, hear, notice, recognize, smell, taste, believe, feel, think, know, understand, remember, forget, recollect, supposed, mean, gather, mind, Want, desire, refuse, like, adore, care, love, hate, seem, appear, belong to curtain, consist of, possess, owe, matter
Eg. à
a)      I like mango.
b)      It smells good.
c)       Sun appears in the east in the morning.
d)      I feel so happy now.
e)      She loves me.

Present continuous tense

 we use this tense to describe actions that are going on at the time of speaking. See the structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of present continuous tense:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+is/am/are+v4+obj            
Sub+is/am/are+not+v4 +obj
Is/am/are+sub+v4+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:
He is reading a book.
He is not reading a book.
Is he reading a book?
We are singing.
We are not singing.
Are we singing?
I am dancing.
I am not dancing.
Am I dancing?

Present continuous tense Rules and examples sentences

·         With time adverbs:
Now, still, at present, at this time, at this moment, at this hour, nowadays,  … etc.
Eg. à
a)      It is raining now.
b)      He is repairing a bike at this moment.
c)       She is still doing her homework.
d)      She is going to the gym nowadays.
e)      He is playing football now.

Note:  Action goes on the time of speaking.

·         After short expressions that make attentions:
Look! Listen! , don’t! +present continuous:
Eg. à
a)      Listen! We are going to read a new lesson.
b)      HI, Look! They are fighting.
c)       Don’t disturb me. I’m writing.
d)      Look! He is running very quickly.
e)      Listen! She is talking with someone.

·         Simple present (but today/now) +present continuous:
Eg. à
a)      He drinks tea every day but today he is drinking coffee.
b)      They always watch sports but now they are watching the news.
c)       She goes to the office by bus but today she is going by car.
d)      He eats a burger but now he is eating pizza.
e)      They play cricket but today they are playing football.


·         To describe future planned action ( the future time must be mentioned:
Eg. à
a)      She is going to her uncle tomorrow.
b)      He is going to Japan next week.
c)       He is going to open a new office next month.
d)      They are going to the cinema hall tomorrow.
e)      She is going to London after +12.

·         To describe an action happening about this time but not at the time of speaking:
Eg. à
a)      We are reading at this school.
b)      We are working at that hotel.
c)       He is teaching dance at that academy.
d)      She is working as an assistant at that office.
e)      He is managing supplier at that factory.

Note: (but not at the time of speaking.)

Bonus tips: The following verbs are not usually found in the present continuous tense form. We can use these verbs in present simple.

Like: love, hate, want, need, prefer, know, realize, suppose, men, understand, believe, remember, belong, contain, consist, depend, seem, see, hear, taste, look, feel
Eg. à
a)      He is extremely hungry. He wants something to eat.
b)      It seems very nice.
c)       It feels soft now.
d)      Do you see the man over there?
e)      It tastes like a sour.

Present perfect tense

We use this tense to describe an action that has just done or completed. See the structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of present perfect tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+have/has+v3+obj
Sub+have/has+not+v3+obj
Have/has+sub+v3+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

I have passed BBS.
I have not passed BBS.
Have I passed BBS?
He has broken the pen.
He has not broken the pen.
Has he broken the pen?
We have finished homework.
We have not finished the homework.
Have we finished the homework?

Present perfect tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         Simple future+ (when/until/as soon as/before/after/by the time)+present perfect tense:
Eg. à
a)      He will do it after he has come.
b)      They will come here before you have made a cricket bat.
c)       She will cook food as soon as they have arrived.
d)      I will complete my homework before they have arrived.
e)      She will wait for you until you have completed your degree.

·         With just, already, yet, never, recently, lately, ever, always, often, occasionally … etc.
Eg. à
a)      I have already read this book.
b)      She has just finished her meal. The plate is dirty and empty.
c)       They haven’t completed it yet.
d)      I have phoned her recently.
e)      He hasn’t proposed her yet.


Note:
Use just for recently completed actions.
Yet for not completed but might be.
         
·         To describe interesting experiences:
Eg. à
1)      I have seen a flying toad.
2)      I have visited London.
3)      She has seen a ghost.
4)      He has crossed the biggest river.
5)      She has visited the world in 1 year.

·         Present perfect +since+simple past:
Eg. à
a)      The boy has worked here since he came.
b)      They have played football here since they came.
c)       The girl studied here since she arrived.
d)      He has closed his shop since he went city.
e)      She has passed the exam since she studied hard.

·         With:-
Since+point of time
For+period of time
Eg. à
a)      He has taught here since 1985.
b)      She has played it for 2 hours.
c)       He has lived here since 1992.
d)      They have gathered for 3 hours.
e)      She has learned English since last year.

·         To describe recent past actions that cause the present state of someone or something:
Eg. à
a)      He has cut his finger. (It is still bleeding now.)
b)      He has switched ON the water pump. (It is still watering.)
c)       She has sprayed odor. (It still smells.)
d)      He has switched ON of fan. (It is still waving.)
e)      He has not eaten anything today. (He is still hungry.)

Present perfect continuous tense

We use this tense to describe that an action started in the past and still going on. See the structures, rules, and examples below.
          
        Structure of present perfect continuous tense formula:

Statement
Negative
interrogative
Sub+have/has+been+v4+obj
Sub+have/has+not+been+v4+obj
Have/has+sub+been+v4+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

He has been studying in Japan for years.
He has not been studying in Japan for years.
Has he been studying in Japan for years?
They have been working together since 1990.
They have not been working together since 1990.
Have they been working together since 1990?
They have been playing since 7 o'clock.
They have not been playing since 7 o’clock.
Have they been playing since 7 o’clock?

Present perfect continuous tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         With prolonged action verbs:
Stay, live, wait, sit, work, read, study, sleep, stand, lie, rest, learn, teach, look … etc.
Eg. à
a)      How long have you been learning English?
b)      How long have you been staying here?
c)       She has been waiting for you.
d)      Has he been working here since last year?
e)      I have been reading for 8 hours.

·         All+present times,
All+ this (week, month, year)
All+this (morning, evening, afternoon)
Eg. à
a)      We have been looking for you all this morning.
b)      She has been working in the field all this week.
c)       I have been digging my field all this morning.
d)      They have been playing cricket all this afternoon.
e)      Has he been crafting all this month?

·         With:
Since+point of time
For+period of time or, for+period of time+now
Eg. à
a)      She has been working in Walmart since 1996.
b)      She has been drawing for 3 hours.
c)       Has he been constructing buildings since 1895?
d)      I have been making a website for 2 hours.
e)      They have been playing for 6 hours.

Past tense

Past tense definition and examples:

The past tense is the part of the English grammar tense. It describes the completed work and activities of the past time in different time period. Like: When it is done, how it is done, how long since or how long for… etc. let’s see the past tense examples with sentences.

Past tense example sentences

1.       I ate meat.

2.       Emma was drinking coffee.

3.       Jimmy had made an amazing gadget.

4.       John had been working in that factory.

5.       Sam was painting on the wall yesterday.

6.       She had cooked delicious food last year.

7.       He completed his degree last month.

8.       Ethan had got Diamond in the river.

9.       They were kissing each other last night.

10.    Paul made a nice bamboo flute.

There are four types of the past tense with their different formula, structure, and rules for different time past time and period.

 Simple past tense

We use this tense to describe that an action has completed in a certain in the past time. See all structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of simple past tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+v2+obj
Sub+did+not+v1+obj
Did+sub+v1+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

He ate an apple.
He didn’t eat an apple.
Did he eat an apple?
She wrote a love letter.
She didn’t write a love letter.
Did she write a love letter?
He made a kite.
He didn’t make a kite.
Did he make a kite?

Simple past tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         With the past time adverbs:
Yesterday, just now, a few minutes ago
Last (time, night, day, week, month, year)
Two (days, weeks, months, years) +ago
In+past time
Eg. à
a)      We went to the supermarket yesterday.
b)      He passed a master's degree last year.
c)       They arrived here yesterday.
d)      She phoned me a few minutes ago.
e)      I proposed her last night.


·         To describe past habit:
Eg. à
a)      He used to smoke a lot. (But these days he doesn’t.)
b)      She always carried a makeup kit. (but not now)
c)       We went to the market every day. (but not now)
d)      He always used to make fun of her. (but not now)
e)      She used to eat a lot. (but not now)

·         When one action caused another action:
Eg. à
a)      When she pushed James, he fell into the river.
b)      She cut her finger, it’s bleeding.
c)       He ate too much, he is vomiting.
d)      She hit the dog, the dog chased her.
e)      I kissed her, she is still smiling.


·         Simple past+(and/but/then)+simple past:
Eg. à
a)      She shut her eyes and fell to her knees.
b)      He hit the dog then the dog bit him.
c)       She put hot coal on the cloth and it burned.
d)      He proposed her then she accepted it.
e)      They studied hard but failed in the exam.


·         Simple present +as(if/though)+simple past:
Simple past+as(if/though)+past perfect:
Eg. à
a)      He speaks as if he knew.
b)      He spoke as although he has not known.
c)       You look as if you haven’t slept well.
d)      The house looks as though nobody lived there.
e)      I feel a bit depressed. I don’t feel as if I’ve had a holiday.


·         When+simple past+past continuous:
Eg. à
a)      When the teacher came in, the boys were fighting.
b)      When she kissed me, I was dancing.
c)       When he didn’t play, all were playing.
d)      When she cooked rice, all were watching tv.
e)      When I finished my homework, they were playing.

·         Simple past+(after/what/that/as soon as)+past perfect tense:
Eg. à
a)      He arrived after the class had started.
b)      He did it what she has told him.
c)       She went to the cinema that she has met her friend.
d)      Emma went out as soon as the teacher has left the classroom.
e)      I eat my dinner after I had done my homework.

·         When+past clause = already/just+past perfect:
Eg. à
a)      When I went to him, he had already done his homework.
b)      When she accepted my proposal, she had already loved me.
c)       When I went to playing ground, they had just reached there.
d)      When he reached in a classroom, other students already had sat there.
e)      When she picked mango, I had already seen that.

Past continuous tense

We use this tense to describe that an action began and continuing at some point in the past time. See all structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of past continuous tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+was/were+v4+obj
Sub+was/were+not+v4+obj
Was/were+sub+v4+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

She was dancing.
She was not dancing.
Was she dancing?
We were celebrating.
We were not celebrating.
Were we celebrating?
The dog was barking.
The dog was not barking.
Was the dog barking?

Past continues tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         With:
 all+past time, all day, all the morning, all that morning, yesterday
All last (night, week, month, year)… etc.:
Eg.
a)      He was writing letters all morning.
b)      I was reading all day.
c)       She was crying yesterday.
d)      He was listening to music all last night.
e)      She was doing yoga all that morning.


·         While+past continuous, simple past:
Eg.
a)      While I was reading the book, she came in.
b)      While he was dancing, they went home.
c)       While she was cooking, they came to her.
d)      While I was ironing clothes, the electricity cut off.
e)      While she was doing her homework, her mom called him.

·         With:
still at that time, at this time yesterday,
At 2 o’clock(yesterday, last week, last month) … etc. :
Eg.
a)      She was reading a book at that time.
b)      I was writing a letter at this time yesterday.
c)       He was doing his assignments still at that time.
d)      They were playing at 4 o’clock yesterday.
e)      He was working in the field at that time.

·         With short action:
 (Met, saw, came, arrived, went, rang phone)+ past continuous or, sudden actions:
Eg.
a)      When the phone rang, she was reading her book.
b)      She went to school, her mom was just cooking.
c)       When he came in, she was dancing.
d)      I met her last year, she was buying some fruit.
e)      When he arrived home, his family was planting rice.

Past perfect tense

We use this tense to describe that an action has completed in a certain period of past time. See all structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of past perfect tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+had+v3+obj
Sub+had+not+v3+obj
Had+sub+v3+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

She had won the prize.
She had not won the price.
Had she won the prize?
She had got a beautiful doll.
She had not got a beautiful doll.
Had she got a beautiful doll?
He had had a terrible fever.
He had not had a terrible fever.
Had he had a terrible fever?

 Past perfect tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         Simple past+(after/as soon as/what/that)+simple past:
Eg. à
a)      He went to school after he had eaten rice.
b)      I wrote a letter as soon as they selected me for a job.
c)       She ate dinner after completed her homework.
d)      He said to you what he heard.
e)      They followed the rules that they learned.



·         Past perfect+(before/until/by the time)+simple past:
Eg. à
a)      I had done my homework before he ate rice.
b)      He had gone to town before they came.
c)       She had knitted sweater before her baby came.
d)      I had finished my work by the time he said let's go home.
e)      He had hadn’t a fever before went to school.

·         Simple past +as+(if/though)+past perfect:
Eg. à
a)      She talked as though she had known everything.
b)      He made a robot as if he had made it before.
c)       She sang a song on the stage so confidently as if she had done it before.
d)      He talked about Cristiano Ronaldo much as though he had met him.
e)      She hugged me as if she had met me before.



·         … … said/told/rememerd/realized/forget+that+past perfect:
Eg. à
a)      He said that he had not been present at the meeting.
b)      She told that she had liked me.
c)       He remembered that we had had a party last year.
d)      She realized that I had loved her much now.
e)      They said that she had had a beautiful kitty.


·         When (past clause), already/just(past perfect):
Eg. à
a)      When she entered the class, Chris had already gone home.
b)      When she came in, we already had eaten cake.
c)       When he reached the ground, we had just started the game.
d)      When we arrived at Emma’s home, she had just gone out.
e)      When I realized that she was good for me, she had already married to someone.

·         To denote completed action before a moment in the past:
Eg. à
a)      I had met Charlie in London before 2016.
b)      She had married to someone before I came.
c)       He had opened this office before he graduated.
d)      I had completed my web development course before I joined this company.
e)      She had started working before her degree.

Past perfect continuous tense

We use this tense to describe an action before the time of speaking and going on at some time in the past. See all structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of past perfect continuous tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+had+been+v4+obj
Sub+had+not+been+v4+obj
Had+sub+been+v4+obj+?
Examples:
A baby had been crying.
Examples:
A baby had not been crying.
Examples:
Had a baby been crying?
He had been making a robot.
He had not been making a robot.
Had he been making a robot?
She had been doing her homework.
She had not been doing her homework.
Had she been doing her homework?

Past perfect continuous tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         it uses for an action which began before a certain point in the past and went on up to that time:
Eg. à
a)      When he came to Spain, Ramos had already been working there for six years.
b)      They had been working before ten for four hours yesterday.
c)       Had you been teaching for a long time when I met you?
d)      When Mr. Charlie came to London in 1980, Mr. Arthur had already been teaching there for two years.
e)      He had already been learning English in London for 6 months when I came here.

Future tense

Future tense definition and examples

Future tens is a part of the English grammar tense. It describes the upcoming actions. It describes future action using the future time and period. Like: soon, coming, tonight, tomorrow, next week, by next day, before next month, in winter… etc. let’s see the future tense examples with sentences.

Future tense example sentences

1.       Emma will go to America tomorrow.

2.       Harry will come home soon.

3.        I shall meet Emma next week.

4.       Ethan will come in a few minutes.

5.       If he studies hard, he will pass the exam.

6.       Rita will do her homework as soon as she eats dinner.

7.       It is going to rain.

8.       Scientists will have found a vaccine for the corona virus by next month.

9.       James will have completed his master’s degree in the summer.

10.   She will have been living in Japan by 2026.

 

There are 4 types of the future tense in the English grammar tense. Each future tense has its formula structure, rules, and examples. 

Simple Future tense

We use this tense to describe that an action will happen in future time. Sell all the structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of simple future tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+shall/will+v1+obj
Sub+shall/will+not+v1+obj
Shall/will+sub+v1+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

He will go America tomorrow.
He will not go America tomorrow.
Will he go America tomorrow?
She will come home soon.
She will not come home soon.
Will she come home soon?
I shall meet her next week.
I shall not meet her next week.
Shall I meet her next week?

Simple future tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         with the future time adverbs:
Soon, coming, shortly, in a few minutes, tonight, tomorrow,
Next (time, day, week, month, year)
eg. à
a)      He will go London tonight.
b)      I will go home very soon.
c)       She will come in a few minutes.
d)      They will finish their work tomorrow.
e)      I will pay the college fee next week.


·         Simple future+(before, by the time, until, as soon as, after, when, while+simple present:
Eg. à
a)      Everybody will stop talking when the documentary begins.
b)      He will come home before the New Year begins.
c)       She will do her homework as soon as she eats dinner.
d)      They will play football after the coach comes.
e)      I will buy a MacBook when I get my first salary.

·         With if-clause:
Eg. à
a)      If he studies hard, he will pass the exam.
b)      If they play good football, they will win the game.
c)       If she does yoga, she will be fit.
d)      If he passes the exam, he will go to London.
e)      If I get my first salary, I will buy a Macbook.

Note:
Use the shall in question with I/We
Normally use this tense for promising.

Future continuous tense

We use this tense to describe that action will be in progress in the future of a given time. See all structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of future continuous tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+shall/will+be+v4+obj
Sub+shall/will+not+be+v4+obj
Shall/will+sub+be+v4+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

She will be drawing a picture.
She will not be drawing a picture.
Will she be drawing a picture?
We will be playing football.
We will not be playing football.
Shall we be playing football?
He will be reading.
He will not be reading.
Will he be reading?

Future continuous tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         It is used to describe an action as going on for some time in the future:
Eg. à
a)      He will be studying for an exam next week.
b)      She will be acting in London for her next movie.
c)       I will be working in the field next week.
d)      They will be visiting Paris next month.
e)      We will be working for three hours tomorrow.

Future perfect tense

We use this tense to describe that action will be completed in a given time in the future. See all structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of future perfect tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+shall/will+have+v3+obj
Sub+shall/will+not+have+v3+obj
Shall/will+sub+have+v3+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

I will have completed this work in 5 days.
I will not have completed this work in 5 days.
Will I have completed this work in 5 days?
Scientists will have found a vaccine of corona virus by next year.
Scientists will not have found a vaccine of corona virus by next year.
Will scientists have found a vaccine of corona virus by next year?
I will have completed my master's degree in summer.
I will not have completed my master’s degree in summer.
Shall I have completed my master’s degree in summer?

Future perfect tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         In/by/before/until+future point in time,
By next (day, week, month, year),
Before next (week, month, year),
In/until (summer, winter, January …)
Eg. à
a)      We will have taken the exam by the end of April.
b)      I will have completed my webpage course by next year.
c)       She will have gone to London next week.
d)      He will have done assignments before next month.
e)      They will have made drone until January.

Future perfect continuous tense

We use this tense to describe that action will continue going on for some time after began in the future. See all structures, rules, and examples below.

Structure of future perfect continuous tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+shall/will+have+been+v4+obj
Sub+shall/will+not+have+been+v4+obj
Shall/will+sub+have+been+v4+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

He will have been working in Japan for 10 years.
He will not have been working in Japan for 10 years.
Will he have been working in Japan for 10 years?
She will have been living in America by 2028.
She will not have been living in America by 2028.
Will she have been living in America by 2028?
By 2022, people will have been using electric power for cooking.
By 2022, people will not have been using electric power for cooking.
Will people have been using electric power for cooking by 2022?
               

Future perfect continuous tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         By the future point of time … … for+period of time:
-          By/before+future time
-          For +period of time or, In+period of time
Eg. à
a)      By next year we will have been studying for ten years.
b)      We will have been working together for many years.
c)       Will they have been planting trees for a month?
d)      I will have been making a robot before the final presentation.
e)      They will have been making a film before next month.

“Going to” future tense

                 We use this structure to describe that action will happen soon in future planning or events.                 See all structures, rules, and examples below.

               Structure of going to future tense formula:

Statement
Negative
Interrogative
Sub+is/am/are+going to+v1+obj
Sub+is/am/are+not+going to+obj
Is/am/are+sub+going to+obj+?
Examples:

Examples:

Examples:

It is going to be hot.
It is not going to be hot.
Is it going to be hot?
He is going to Germany.
He is not going to Germany.
Is he going to Germany?
She is going to marry him.
She is not going to marry him.
Is she going to marry him?

 Going to future tense Rules and Examples sentences


·         It describes future intentions:
Eg. à
a)      I am going to write a letter soon.
b)      It is going to rain.
c)       She is going to London.
d)      He is going to join a new college very soon.
e)      Are you going to invite them to your marriage ceremony?

·         It is used to describe future events which are going to happen in the future soon:
Eg. à
a)      The music concert is going to happen in the New Year.
b)      A big sale is going to happen in February.
c)       Emma is going to marry Charlie very soon.
d)      He is going to open a new office after a university degree.
e)      Google is going to lunch a very new product.

Tenses formula chart
12 English Grammar Tense chart


Tense chart, Rules, and Examples with sentences (PDF): DOWNLOAD 

See also:





FAQ Schema for Grammar tense

Q1. What is tense in English grammar?
Tense is a very core part of grammar in the English language. It describes the acts on a different point of time and period using different verb forms. With proper rules of tenses, it makes good and meaningful sentences and conversations.

Q2. What are the types of tenses?
There are mainly 3 types of tense and every tense has four parts.
Present tense
Past tense
Future tense


Q3. Why do we learn tense?
Tense is an important part of grammar. It helps to make correct and clear sentences of actions in different points or periods of time.


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